Universidades Gaúchas (Educação Livro 1) (Portuguese Edition)
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The methodology evaluation was performed by the analysis of the material developed by the teenagers and an objective questionnaire, applied after the project completion. Results By means of the focus group it was identified the following issues: problems due to bad breath in their relationships and the relationship between lack of access to employment and precarious oral health. Ten meetings were held to discuss these issues and evaluate their relationship with oral health basics.
The participation of adolescents was encouraged via movies and music available on the Internet.
At the end of the meetings the group produced some educational materials and a comic book, which was analyzed and considered as a category 3: very rich design in content, objective concepts and clear goals. The questionnaire revealed that the right answers concentrated on the subjects which they have developed educational materials, such as self-care.
Conclusion The use of a participative methodology for oral health education can, in fact, positively impact on changing teenagers behaviors. Third sector institutions that perform a well-planned and committed work can contribute to the promotion of oral health in Brazil.
Indexing terms: Adolescent. Health education, dental. Oral health.
REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE MUSICOTERAPIA - PDF Free Download
Para o conhecimento de temas de interesse foi utilizado o grupo focal. Historically, oral health programs carried in Brazil by the public sector were almost exclusively destined to school children. Adults and adolescents were neglected by a system which offered only emergency care assistance. Data from the epidemiologic survey on domestic oral health SB Brasil 1 show that out of the 16, adolescents aged between 15 and 19 evaluated, 5, The prevailing of toothache was higher among those individuals presenting cavity or teeth lost 2.
The paradox of the observation of a severe oral health scenario among teenagers lies on the fact that both cavity and gingival inflammation can be avoided by adopting simple measures of prevention and control. In this manner, actions aimed at educating the individual as for oral health have a significant influence on the inversion of this situation, especially collaborating with promoting health by means of increasing autonomy for self-care 3.
However, the access to information, including oral health education, does not equally reach all sectors of society; areas with the lowest socioeconomic indicators present the lowest oral health indicators 4. Despite the number of works about oral health education described in literature, it is verified that several of them do not have appropriate planning.
They are usually characterized as prompt actions, apart from the local reality, and do not make use of a methodology towards the building and acquisition of knowledge by the student.
According to Pauleto et al. There are few programs which show rupture strategies with more traditional and behavioral proposes, supported by communication and one-way practices which not enable the dialogue or the effective participation of the students, all necessary to build emancipative knowledge which fosters autonomy concerning oral health care.
In what concerns health education for teenagers, these pedagogical techniques is even more essential. It is paramount to plan them accurately in order to arouse the interest and change of attitude, especially 6. This aspect is supported by the observation that the adolescence comprehends a phase when the individual no longer wants to be treated as a child, neither have experience enough to have an adult behavior, and it is also punctuated by a complex bio-psychosocial growth process 7. Given the challenges of the above mentioned context, different organizations have strived for promoting educational activities in the so-called third sector, defined by literature with expressions such as "non-profit organizations", "volunteer organizations", "independent sector" "non-government organizations", "charity", "philanthropy", among other.
According to Franco 8 , it is attributable to these organization five characteristics in common: i they are not part of the formal structure of the State; ii they are not profitable; iii they are constituted by groups of citizens of the civil society as individuals; iv there are compulsory membership, and v they produce assets and services of collective use interest 8. It is aimed at positively influencing on the life quality of both child and teenager, as well as their family core and the community they live.
In order to do so, the organization tries to improve education methodologies to develop change of habits and knowledge acquisition9. In this manner, the present study is intended for describing a model of participative methodology used by the AOC for oral health care of adolescents. For purposes of acquisition of interest themes and educational activities planning used the technique of focal group. It was formed a single group composed by the 16 adolescents participating in the research, a coordinator, and a note taker to write the speeches down. By asking an open question, the coordinator approached the importance of the oral health for the group.
This was a minute discussion phase, carried only in the first meeting of AOC volunteers and teenagers. Education activities were performed throughout ten meetings planned in a way to stimulate discussion and the relationship among themes pointed in the focal group, with basic concept approaches on oral health. It was used the following resources: videos, songs, paper, pencil, pen, and overhead projector. By the end of each meeting, the teenagers were asked to produce their own material, and in the last meeting.
REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE MUSICOTERAPIA
By the end of each meeting, the teenagers were asked to produce their own material. Foreword by Patrick A. Boston: Beacon Press, Rio de. Janeiro: Mauad, Resenha Review article , Accessed on September 25, Paulo Henriques Britto trans. Rio de Janeiro: Sesc Tijuca, , p. Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte Max Bill. New York: Macmillan, , p. Paris: Blanchard, Number and Numbers Robin Mackay trans. Cambridge: Polity, , p. James C. Palmes trans. Translated for this edition. In: Early Philosophical Essays by M. Vadim Liapunov and Kenneth Brostom trans. Houston: The University of Texas Press, , p.
Constructivism, Origins and Evolution. New York: George Braziller, , p.